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2020年成人高考高起点英语基础练习及答案一

发布时间:2020-06-08 整编:广州成人高考网 阅读量:

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2020年成人高考高起点英语基础练习及答案一分割线
在成考复习的过程中,多做题对于考生的成绩提升非常有帮助。以下是广州成人高考网小编为大家汇总整理的2020年成人高考高起点英语基础练习及答案一,来做做看吧!
 
2020年成人高考高起点英语基础练习及答案一
 
一、语音知识(共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。)
 
在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。
 
1. A. result B. pulse C. suppose D. praise ( )
 
2.A.rather B.theory C.truth D.breath ( )www.ExamW.CoM
 
3.A.diamond B.object C.observe D.seldom ( )
 
4.A.foolish B.smooth C.prove D.foot ( )
 
5. A. concluded B.limited C. stupid D. encouraged( )
 
二、词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。)
 
从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。
 
6. technique m medicine and surgery we have,_ patients we can save. ( )
 
A. The good; the man B. The better; the much
 
C. The better; the more D. The best; the more
 
7. _ nearly six years since I started to study English. ( )
 
A. It was B. There are
 
C. It is D. There have been
 
8. -Mary cares little about money. ( )外语学习网
 
A. So do I B.I am, too C. Not do I D. Neither do I
 
9. Hardly _ down than the bell rang. ( )
 
A. had I sat B. did I sat C. I had sat D. I did sit
 
10. --Do you think I can use your dictionary? ( )
 
A. Yes, you may use B. Yes, you can
 
C. Yes, help yourself D. Certainly, go on
 
ll.If only she _ her necklace that night. ( )
 
.A. didn't lose B. wouldn't lose C. hadn't lost D. hasn't lost
 
12. His suggestion o see the exhibition interested every one of us. ( )
 
A. that we go B. which we should go中 华 考 试 网
 
C. that we would go D. when we go
 
13. Your mother must be at home, _ she? ( )
 
A.mustn't ' B.doesn't C.isn't D.needn't
 
14. I want to go to the doctor, but you _ _ with me. ( )
 
A. need not to go B. do not need go
 
C. need not go D. need go not
 
15. I haven't got _ money now. Can you please save the book for me till tomorrow?  ( )
 
A. any B. some C.little D. a little
 
16. _ makes mistakes must correct them. ( )
 
A. Who B. No matter C. Whoever D. Ever who.
 
17. -Did you write to Lily recently?
 
-No, butI _ her at a meeting this weekend. ( )
 
A. am seeing B. will have seen C. saw D. had seen
 
18. The weather turned out to be very good, _ was more than we could expect. ( )
 
A.what B.which . C.that D.it
 
19. -1 usually go there by train.
 
-Why not _ by boat for a change? ( )
 
A. to try going B. trying to go
 
C. to try and go D. try going
 
20._ this street and you_ _ there. ( )
 
C. Follow; will get D. Follow; get
 
三、完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分。)
 
通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填人相应空白处的最佳选项。
 
At a country house in India, there once lived a young elephant which was a pet to the people.It used to come into the dining-room after dinner and asked 21 food from the visitors. One day, when a large party of visitors were 22 at the table, the elephant came round and put its trunk 23 the visitors, begging for fruit or bread. One gentleman, 24 , instead of putting any food into the trunk, took his fork and 25 the little_lephant away with a stab(戳). The animalleft him quietly and went t0 26 visitors, one after another, who treated it 27 , because they thought a gentleman should not treat an animal in such a rude way.
 
When it had finished its round of the table, it went out into the garden, 28 a large branch off a tree, returned with it to the room again. The animal went 29 to the gentleman who had stabbed its trunk with a fork and shook the 30 0ver his head.In a moment he was covered with ants(蚂蚁) which came down from the branch. The ants 31 his hair, some running down his neck. Hard 32 he tried, he couldn't get rid of the ants. All the other visitors 33 when they saw the gentleman in such a difficult situation 34 they thought since he had been rude to the animal he should be _ 35 in this way.
 
21.A.about B.of C.on D.for ( )
 
22.A.sitting B.smiling C.looking D.arriving ( )
 
23.A.behind B.beside C.by D.between ( )
 
24.A.however B.thus C.therefore D.yet ( )
 
25.A.brought B.took C.pulled D.sent ( )
 
26.A.other B.another C.some D.ariy ( )
 
27.A.seriously B.badly C.kindly D.easily ( )
 
28.A:fetched B.cut C.struck D.broke ( )
 
29.A.by B.straight C.away D.out ( )
 
30.A.fork B.food C.branch D.tree ( )
 
31.A.worried B.played C.moved D.filled ( )
 
32.A.as B.while C.however D.since ( )
 
33.A.cried B.shouted C.agreed D.laughed ( )
 
34.A.until B.although C.because D.unless ( )
 
35. A. kicked B. punished C. beaten D. rejected ( )
 
四、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题3分,共45分。)
 
阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选择最佳的一项。
 
A
 
Have you ever felt your mind falling into disorder after a sleepless night? You couldn't come up with an original thought no matter how hard you tried.
 
You were probably right if you thought that was caused by a lack of sleep. Dr. Home,a sleep researcher in England, studied 24 college students. One group got their normal eight hours of sleep. The other group didn't get the smallest amount of sleep-they stayed awake all night. The next day, Dr, Home tested the students. He asked them question that required creative and original thinking. One of the questions was "How many uses can a cardboard box be put to?"
 
The result? The wide-awake students did well on the test. The tired students did poorly.
 
Research has already shown that tired people can do OK on tests of habitual thinking,like simple addition But Dr. Home tested creative thinking only.
 
As part of his study, he offered an amount of money as reward to the sleepy students if they did well. But even this encouragement was not enough to help the students conquer their tiredness. They did poorly. Dr. Home believes that the part of the brain where thinking takes place may becomes very tired during waking hours. Sleep may help to repair the brain. "Without any sleep," he emphasizes(强调), "even if you pay closer attention, you can't do better. "
 
This study gives people something to think about, especially like hospital workers who must stay awake all night and then make quick decisions.
 
36.It can be known from the text that lack of sleep may _. ( )
 
A. be a cause of some serious diseases
 
B. cause one to lose his ability to calculate
 
C. do harm to one's power of usual thinking
 
D. weaken one's power of creative thinking
 
37. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text? ( )
 
A. Hospital workers can think well although they often stay awake all night.
 
B. People can not work well without good sleep.
 
C. Dr. Home's tests are on habitual thinking.
 
D. Sleep has nothing to do with creativity.
 
38. The underlined word "conquer" can be replaced by _ ( )
 
A. take off B. break out C. give off D. get over
 
39. Why couldn't the reward offered in the study attract the sleepy students? ( )
 
A. Because they were too tired and too sleepy.
 
B. Because they did not care for money at all.
 
C. Because they thought sleep might help to repair the brain.
 
D. Because they waited for bigger rewards.
 
B
 
It's important to learn about protecting environment. Here is 5R rule for us:
 
1. Reduce
 
If you want to reduce waste, you should use things wisely. A large number of trees are being cut down to make paper. If everyone uses a little paper carelessly and throw it out, soon we would not have anv trees left. Other things are also being wasted.and DeODle don'tknow what to do with the waste in big cities. So it is necessary to reduce the waste.
 
2. Reuse
 
You should always think of reusing the usable things before throwing them out. Give your clothes you do not use or the ones which are too small to the poor. In a family, you may pass on such clothes to younger brothers or sisters.
 
3. Recycle
 
Bottles, cans and paper can easily be recycled. By doing so, we save lots of time and money. For example, coke cans are sent to a factOry, where they are smashed flat and melted, and the metal things are made for new coke cans.
 
4. Recover
 
When you buy a box of apples, there may be a few rotten apples, you have two choice: one is to throw the whole apples away, or you could cut off the rotten parts and use the good parts.In this way, you are recovering the eatable parts of food.
 
5. Repair
 
If one of the legs of your table is broken, you can repair it. If you want to change for better ones, it is better for you to sell the old things or give them to other people who can use them after doing some repair. It is true that North America is a "throw-away" society,but the time has come to change our way of life so that we can protect our environment.
 
Every one of us should try our best.
 
40. The "Reduce" rule mainly requires us _ . ( )
 
A. to use things wisely
 
B. to cut down many trees
 
C. to use a lot of paper .
 
D. to throw away your old things
 
41. What's the right order of recycling coke cans? ( )
 
a . collect the used cans b. melt them
 
c. smashed them flat d. send them to a factory
 
A.abcd B.adcb C.dbca D.cabd ( )
 
42. The "Recover" rule mainly requires us - .
 
A. to throw waste things away B. to cover waste things with earth
 
C. to get back the useful parts D. to throw the whole things away
 
43. Which is the best way to do with your own broken tables? ( )
 
A. Throwing them away. B. Repairing them
 
C. Selling them. D. putting them away.
 
C
 
My name is Mary. I am an office worker in a large company. I live in a small village about seven miles from my office. It takes me half an hour to drive to work and another ten minutes to park my car. I sometimes leave my car at home and take the train, but only on very cold winter days when there is ice on the roads. I always leave home at eight o'clock.
 
One morning on Friday, I was late for work. Many people were late for work on that terrible day. The first signs of trouble had occurred in the evening while I was in the village bar with my husband Peter. There were very high winds, far stronger than normal for the time of the year. As we made our way home, we were nearly blown over.
 
Back at home, we turned on the TV in our bedroom but the picture was not clear. The wind blew hard on the windows. Luckily our new double-glass was able to bear it, but hal an hour later as we lay in bed, we thought that the whole front wall was about to give away.
 
We held our breath. We drew the thick curtains. The angry wind was uprooting trees, overturning cars and destroying buildings. Just before two in the morning, we finally managed to fall sleep.
 
44.Who tells the story? . ( )
 
A. A boy. B. A girl. C. A man. D. A woman.
 
45. When does Mary usually arrive at work? ( )
 
A. At eight o'clock. B. At half-past ten.
 
C. At twenty to nine. D. At twenty past nine.
 
46. The main idea of the passage is about _ * ( )
 
A. the writer's office work B. an unusual strong wind
 
C. The writer's lucky experience D. many people's being late for work
 
D
 
Mr. White worked in an office. He had neither a wife nor children. And he lived in an old house alone. He liked nothing but drinking. He almost spent all his money on drinks.
 
Sometimes he was hungry, because he even had no money to buy food. So he had to borrow some money from his workmates.
 
One evening he met a friend of his in the street. The man asked him to have dinner in a restaurant. He was very happy and drank a lot. When they left there at midnight, he could hardly stand. The friend had to stop a taxi and asked the diver to take him home. Soon they arrived at the door of his house. With the help of the driver he got out of the taxi.
 
"Thank you, sir. " said Mr. White. "Now I can open the door myself. "
 
The taxi went away, but Mr. White couldn't put his key into the keyhole. He was trying to do it when a policeman came.
 
"Can I help you?" asked the policeman.
 
"Thank you, sir", said Mr. White," The house is circling now. If you can stop it moving, I can open the door myself. "
 
47. Sometimes he was hungry because ( )
 
A. he spent all his money on drinks and had no money to buy food
 
B. he had no work
 
C. his boss didn't pay him any money
 
D. he was very poor
 
48. From paragraph 2 we know that _ .  ( )
 
A. Mr. White drank a lot that evening
 
B. Mr. White paid for the bill that evening
 
C. his friend took home that evening
 
D. his friend drank a lot too
 
49. They left the restaurant _ .  ( )
 
A. at ten o'clock B. at twelve o'clock at night
 
C. after twelve o'clock at night D. at twelve o'clock at noon
 
50. Mr. White couldn't open the door because ( )
 
A. the keyhole was too small B. he drank too much
 
C. TFLe house was moving C. it was not his house
 
五、补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。)
 
根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在横线上,这些句子必须符合表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。
 
提示:Wilson太太的丈夫生病了,发烧,头疼得厉害。她打电话给格林医生,请他们到家里来一趟。格林医生简单询问情况后,答应马上就到。
 
Mrs. Wilson: Hello, this is Alice.Is Dr. Green there?
 
Dr. Green: Yes,_
 
51
 
Mrs. Wilson: Dr. Green, sorry to call you up at this time of the day. But my husband is
 
very sick.I am rather worried.-- 一?
 
52
 
Dr. Green: Yes, certainly.一 一?It will help me to
 
53
 
decide what to prepare before I come.
 
Mrs. Wilson: Well,I can't tell exactly, but--
 
54
 
Dr. Green: All right then. Don't worry. Keep him in bed.
 
55
 
Mrs. Wilson: I'll do that, Dr. Green. See you soon.
 
Dr. Green: See you.
 
六、书面表达(满分30分)
 
假定有一批外宾来北京参观,他们要去北京动物园,你是导游。根据以下提示,用英语向他们介绍动物园:
 
1.概况:这是中国北方最大的动物园之一,有数百种动物;
 
2.鸟类:几十种,有黄色的,有绿色的,有橙色的,有棕色的,而且会唱歌;
 
3.猴子:大大小小,跑跑跳跳,很活跃;
 
4.大象:长鼻子,大耳朵,待人温和;
 
5.熊猫:这是稀有动物,对参观者有礼貌;
 
注意:不能遗漏信息;语言顺畅。词数100左右。
 
提示:panda:熊猫;naughty:淘气;rare:稀有.be polite to sb.:对人有礼貌
 
参考答案:
 
一、语音知识
 
1.B pulse中字母s的发音是[s],其他都是[z]。
 
2.A rather中字母th的发音是[胡,其他都是[e]。
 
3.B object中字母o的发音是[。],其他都是[a]。
 
4.B smooth中字母oo的发音是[u:],其他都是[u]。
 
5.Dencouraged中字母ed的发音是[d],其他都是[id]。
 
二、词汇与语法知识
 
6.C参考译文:我们医疗方面的技术越高,我们挽救的病人越多。形容词比较级句型。The+比较级……,the+比较级……。“越……就越……”。
 
7.C参考译文:自从我学英语以来差不多有六年了。含有smce的句型:It is+-段时间+ since- - -…。
 
8.D 参考译文:--玛丽不在乎钱。--我也如此。此题考查倒装句。前句用little,为否定意义,所以后句要用否定形式,……也不,用neither.A只能用于肯定句;B中的too应改成either;C没有这种表达。
 
9.A参考译文:我一坐下铃声就响了。否定词放句首用倒装。Hardly这部分用过去完成时,when这部分用一般过去时。
 
10.C 参考译文:--我能用你的字典吗?--当然可以。此题为英语交际用语。符合英语习惯。A use后应该加it;B不符合习惯;D go on意思是继续,应该用go ahead。
 
11.C参考译文:要是她那天晚上没丢项链就好了。if only引导的句子用虚拟语气,与过去事实相反的用过去完成时态。
 
12.A参考译文:他提出的去看展览的建议使我们每个人都很感兴趣。此句为同位语从句,suggestion后面引导的就是建议的内容,并不是修饰它是个什么样的建议,用that引导。suggest和suggestion引导的从句中用should+动词原形,should可以省略。A中省略了should。B不能用which;C不能用would;D意思不通。
 
13.C参考译文:你妈妈一定在家,是吗?此题must表推测。反意问句应为must后面动词的否定形式。
 
14.C参考译文:我想去看医生,你不必跟我一起去了。此题考查need作为实意动词及情态动词的用法区别。作为情态动词,后面直接加not+动词原形。
 
15.A参考译文:我现在没钱了。你能帮我把这本书留到明天吗?A any用于否定句,Bsome用于肯定句,C little本身就是否定意思,D a little是肯定意思,与原句不符。
 
16.C参考译文:无论谁犯了错误都要改正。Whoever用于引导主语从句。A引导定语从句,不能在此处做主语;B no matter引导状语从句;D不存在。
 
17.A 参考译文:--你最近见过莉莉吗?--没有,但是这个周末开会时候我会见到她。进行时表示将来的动作。
 
18.B参考译文:--结果天气很好,这是我们没有想到的。定语从句。Which代替前边整个一句话。其他词不可以。
 
19.D参考译文:--我通常会坐火车去那。--为什么不坐船尝试着改变一下呢?考查固定搭配why not+动词原形(建议做某事),try +doing(试着做某事)。
 
20.C参考译文:沿着这条街走你就会到那了。动词原形开头的是祈使句,后边用and/or you will (not)。
 
三、完形填空
 
21.D本题考查固定短语搭配。ask for要……东西,向客人要吃的。其他都不能与ask -起搭配。
 
22.A 本题考查四个选项的词义。Asitting at the table坐在桌旁吃饭;B微笑;C看;D到达。根据语境,应该是坐在桌旁吃饭。
 
23.D本题考查四个选项的词义。A在后面;B在旁边;C挨着;D在客人们之间伸着鼻子要水果和面包。
 
24.A 本题考查四个选项的词义。Ahowever前后都有逗号,意思是“然而,但是”;B这样,因此;C因此;D然而,但是。根据语义及however在句中的特点,选A。
 
25.D本题考查固定搭配,send away赶走,其他不能搭配。
 
26.A 考查不定代词的用法。A othervlsitors其他的客人们;B another后不能跟复数名词;C some -些,在文中意思不够明确;Dany用于否定句或疑问句。
 
27.C本题考查四个选项的词义。kindly人们好心的对待他;A严肃的;B糟糕的;D容易的。
 
28.D本题考查四个选项的词义。brokea large branch off the tree,从树上折下一个大树枝;A去拿来;后面不能跟off a tree;B大象不会砍下来树枝;C打击;D broke打破。
 
29.B考查搭配词组的不同意思。A goby经过(时间);B go straight to sb.直接向某人走去;C go away走开;D go out出去。
 
30.C根据语境,前边提到了树枝,所以是在他头顶上晃树枝;而不是晃叉子,食物,或大树。
 
31.D本题考查四个选项的词义。A担心;B玩;C移动,挪动;D爬满。应该是蚂蚁爬满了他的头发。
 
32.A此题考查的是含有as的倒装句,虽然他努力了;其他选项前边不能直接用hard。
 
33.D本题考查四个选项的词义。A大哭;B大喊;C同意;D大笑。根据语境,应该是所有客人看到他这样的时候都大笑了。
 
34.C本题考查四个选项的词义。A直到;B虽然;C因为;D除非。因为他们认为他对动物粗鲁,他就该受到这样的惩罚。
 
35.B本题考查四个选项的词义。A踢;B惩罚;C打;D拒绝。根据以上情境,选惩罚。
 
四、阅读理解
 
36.D推理判断题。短文第三段说出了实验的结果即由于不睡觉而困乏的人表现很差。注意:该段中的“the widerawake students”指的是实验时清醒的(.wide-awake)实验对象,而非上文所说的“不睡觉的人”( stayedawake)。
 
37.B辨别正误题。末段说明A项错误;第四段说明C项错误;根据第三、四段可知D项错误。
 
38.D词义理解题。Dr. Home实验的目的是看看通过奖赏是否能够让学生克服困难,出色表现,所以选D。take off意为“脱掉,起飞”.break out意为“爆发”;give off意为“发出”。
 
39.A推理判断题。短文最后两段得出了答案。
 
40.A主旨推理题。段落中心句往往在首句和尾句。
 
41.B排序题。由3R可得答案。
 
42.C句意理解题。由留下苹果好的部分引出来本段的主旨。“留下有用的部分”。
 
43.B细节理解题。由5R开头句子得知。If one of the legs of your table is broken,you can repair it。
 
44.D细节理解题。由文中my husband可得知。
 
45.C计算推理题。8点离开家,半小时在路上,10分钟停车,总共40分钟。所以是8:40。
 
46.B主旨推理题。文章大部分内容都在描述强风的情况。
 
47.A细节理解题。第一段中得知答案。Sometimes he was hungry, because he even hadno money to buy food。
 
48.A主旨推理题。描述的情形“couldhardly stand”说明他喝多了。
 
49.B细节理解题。Midnight说明是半夜12点。
 
50.B细节理解题。不能开门是因为喝太多了。
 
五、补全对话51. speaking/Dr. Green speaking/This is Dr. Green speaking52. Could you come to my (our) home53. What's the matter with him/What's wrong with him54. he has a fever (temperature) and aterrible (bad) headache/he's running a fever and having a terrible(bad) headache55.I'11 be there (in your house) in a fewminutes (in a moment/soon/immediately/rightnow)参考译文:
 
Mrs wilson:你好,我是Alice。格林医生在吗?
 
Dr.Green:我就是。
 
Mrs wilson:格林医生,很抱歉这个时间给您打电话。我丈夫病了,我很担心。您能来我家吗?
 
Dr. Green:好的,当然可以。他哪儿不舒服了?这有助于我去之前知道准备什么。
 
Mrs wilson:我不能说的很准确,他发烧了,头很疼。
 
Dr. Green:好的,别着急。让他躺在床上。我一会就到。
 
Mrs wilson:好的,格林医生,待会儿见。
 
Dr. Green:待会儿见。
 
六、写作范文
 
Welcome to Beijing Zoo
 
The Beijing Zoo is one of the largest zoos in the north of China. There are hundreds of kinds of animals in it. We sce dozens of yellow, green, orange and brown birds, which can sing nice songs. We can see big and small monkeys running and jumping very actively just like naughty children. The elephants, each with a long trunk and big cars, are very kind to people. Especially our panda, which are rare animals, always interest the visitors very much They have good manners, and are polite and friendly to all the visitors. We'll certainly have a good time here.

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